REG 09.00.04 - Drug Education Screening, Counseling, and Deterrence Program

 History: First Issued: July 1, 2013.

Related Policies:
POL 09.00.02--Drug Education, Screening, Counseling, and Deterrence Policy
UNC Policy 1100.1 - Intercollegiate Athletics
UNC Code: Appendix XIII - Intercollegiate Athletics

Additional References:
Drug Education, Screening, Counseling, and Deterrence Program Form  
Appendix A - Drug Testing Protocol
Appendix B – Drug Testing Threshold


1.  INTRODUCTION

This regulation sets forth NC State’s program and procedures regarding the drug education, screening, counseling, and deterrence for the members of our intercollegiate athletic teams, including both scholarship and walk-on student-athletes (“Program”).  

2.  DEFINITIONS

2.1  The terms “contests”, “games”, “matches”, “competitions”, “events”, and “meets” should be considered synonymous unless otherwise noted within this regulation. 

2.2  “Chain of Custody” means the process demonstrating control, transfer, analysis and disposition of the specimen.  

2.3  “Cross-Reactivity” means a phenomenon where the drug test indicates a positive result due to the presence of a substance other than the one being tested for.

2.4  “Dismissal” means the student-athlete is terminated from the team, all team activities, and all intercollegiate athletic activities permanently, including loss of academic support services, sports medicine, and the Office of Scholarships and Financial Aid will be advised that the student’s athletically related financial aid is recommended for cancelation or not renewed.  

2.5  “Fatal Flaws” means a procedural error in the drug testing and analysis which calls into question whether the correct specimen was tested or whether the test result was accurate.

2.6 The terms “illegal drugs”, “prohibited substances”, “prohibited drugs”, “street drugs”, “recreational drugs”, and “controlled substances” should be considered synonymous unless otherwise noted within this regulation.  These terms mean those drugs or substances categorized in the NCAA-Banned-Drug Classes list, which is updated and revised periodically.  A copy of this list can be found online at www.ncaa.org.    NC State reserves the right to modify the NCAA banned list at any time.  Specific drugs and or drug classes are noted within Appendix A.

2.7  “Intercollegiate athletic activity”  means any activity within the Athletics Department, including but not limited to practice, weight-lifting, conditioning, competition, receipt of team benefits, participating in other social functions within the Athletics Department, and serving as a student assistant, manager, trainer, administrative assistant, etc.

2.8  “Suspension” means being sanctioned or withheld from one or more athletic competitions.  The student-athlete may not participate in, or dress for a game, receive per diem, or engage in pre or post game activities that pertain to the competition.   The student-athlete may not travel to an away game unless the suspension period concludes within an away series.  The student-athlete may continue to use athletic facilities during the time of the suspension, such as the weight-room, academic support services and sports medicine to ensure continuity of care. The student-athlete is also permitted to practice and participate in intra-squad scrimmages as well as non-championship season games unless otherwise prohibited.  Additionally, a student- athlete who is suspended may not participate in an event(s) as an “unattached” entrant during the NCAA Championship season.  Suspension for a percentage of the competitive season will be calculated by adding the total number of games (including pre-season games) listed on the schedule for the NCAA Championship season plus one (1) game for post season play multiplied by the percentage of suspension due.   If the suspension percentage equates with a decimal, the value will be rounded down to the nearest whole game regardless of the decimal value.  The student-athlete should be withheld from all scheduled pre-season, regular season, and post-season games, including into the following season if necessary, until the suspension period is completed. 

2.9 “Valid urine sample” means a urine specimen produced that meets the specified criteria for volume and on-site specific gravity as delineated by the NCAA Drug Testing Program Manual’s specimen collection procedures. 

2.10 The terms Vice Chancellor and Dean for Academic and Student Affairs, Director of Athletics, Sport Supervisor, and Director of Sports Medicine include their designees or appointees.

3.  PROGRAM COMPONENTS AND REQUIREMENTS

3.1  Education

Each member of every intercollegiate athletic team at NC State will be required to participate in specific drug education activities provided by the Athletics Department and supervised by the head coaches.  Failure to attend required education activities could result in the corrective measures listed in section 4.2.

3.2  Testing

3.2.1  Drug screening tests.  To participate in intercollegiate athletics, student-athletes are required to submit to drug screening tests designed to reveal the use of prohibited substances.  The test will be a urinalysis or other appropriate drug screening exam and the test may occur on one or more of the occasions listed below.  The collection of the test sample may be observed or unobserved.   

3.2.2 Prescription Drugs, Over the Counter Medications, and Supplements 

3.2.2.1    Student-athletes who are taking drugs pursuant to a prescription are required to notify Sports Medicine.  All prescription medications must include a written statement from the attending physician indicating why the athlete is taking the medication and a statement of medical necessity.  If the drug is listed on the NCAA’s Banned Substance list, alternative medications must be considered.  Student-athletes must provide this information at the beginning of each school year and update the information as new prescriptions are received. 

3.2.2.2 It is possible to test positive for banned substances that have been prescribed for medical conditions.  Testing positive without a prescription will be considered a violation and the student-athlete will be subject to the appropriate corrective measures.  Test results will be cross-referenced with known prescriptions to rule out legitimate prescriptions. 

3.2.2.3 It is also possible to test positive for banned substances contained in over-the-counter medications or supplements.  Student-athletes should consult with his/her Athletic Trainer prior to taking any over-the-counter medications or supplements.  Student-athletes may also consult with the Resource Exchange Center (REC) online at http://www.drugfreesport.com/rec/ by using login name: NCAA Division I, and password: ncaa1. 

3.2.2.4 Supplements are not regulated by the FDA and are highly subject to cross-contamination during production.  All supplement inquiries with the REC include this disclaimer.  Ultimately the student-athlete will be held accountable for any banned substance and /or metabolite identified during testing.  The use of supplements is at the student-athlete’s own risk.

3.3  Testing Occasions

3.3.1  Random Testing 

Every student-athlete is subject to random testing at any time, including pre-season, in-season, post-season and during the summer.  The testing occasion may be announced or unannounced and student-athletes to be tested will be selected by a computer generated randomized list.  The testing will occur according to the testing protocol set forth in Appendix A.

3.3.2  Reasonable Suspicion Testing

3.3.2.1 A student-athlete may be subject to testing at any time when, in the judgment of the Director of Athletics, sport administrator, sports medicine staff or team physician, there is a reasonable basis to suspect the student-athlete is engaged in the use of prohibited drugs or substances as defined by this regulation.  This reasonable suspicion may be based on information from any source, deemed reliable by these athletic officials, including, but not limited to:

(a) Observed possession or use of drugs/substances that reasonably appear to be those prohibited by the Drug Education, Screening, Counseling, and Deterrence Policy, POL 09.00.02 (“Policy”) and this Program;

(b) Conviction of a criminal offense related to the possession, use or trafficking in drugs for substances prohibited by the Policy and this Program, arrest for such an offense where there is a factual basis for the arrest, or any acceptance or plea of responsibility for a drug offense, including a prayer for judgment;

(c) Observed abnormal appearance, conduct or behavior reasonably interpretable as being caused by the use of drugs/substances prohibited by the Policy and this Program;

(d) Credible reports of usage or possession of drugs or substances prohibited by the Policy and this Program.

Testing will follow the testing protocol set forth in Appendix A.

3.3.2.2 When a student-athlete has tested positive for drugs or substances prohibited by the Policy and this Program, the student-athlete may be tested again at any time.  The Director of Sports Medicine will notify the student-athlete of the testing.

3.4 Compliance

3.4.1 To participate on an NC State’s intercollegiate athletic team, all student-athletes must comply and agree to abide by the terms and requirements of this Program. 

3.4.2 The student-athlete shall receive, read, and consent to the Policy and this Program prior to participation in athletic activities.  This consent will be signified by the student-athlete's signature affixed to a consent form. A student-athlete who fails to sign the statement will not be permitted to participate on NC State's intercollegiate athletic team.

3.4.3    The form shall be dated and signed by the student-athlete, and by the student-athlete's parent or guardian if the student-athlete is a minor under North Carolina law.

4.  CORRECTIVE MEASURES FOR VIOLATION OF THE POLICY AND/OR PROGRAM

4.1  Failure to Participate in or Cooperate with Testing

4.1.1  A student-athlete who fails to appear for testing without good cause shown, or who attempts to circumvent the specimen collection and testing process will be considered positive for an anabolic agent and will be subject to the corrective measures set forth in section 4.3.  A student-athlete who fails to appear for testing and provides good cause to the Director of Athletics may be tested as soon as practical, at the discretion of the Director of Sports Medicine.  

4.1.2  Failure to produce a valid urine specimen will be treated as a positive test for an anabolic agent and will be subject to the corrective measures set forth in section 4.3.  Production of a tampered sample will be considered a failure to produce a valid urine specimen, which will likewise be treated as a positive test under this section.

4.2 Failure to Attend Drug Education Activity

A student-athlete who fails to attend the provided drug education seminar will be allowed to perform a makeup activity.  Failure to satisfactorily complete the required programming by the instructed deadline will result in a mandatory meeting with the head coach of the sport and sport supervisor. 

4.3  Impermissible Use of Any Prohibited Substances

The minimum corrective measures specified in this section shall apply following (a) any positive result on a drug test administered pursuant to this Program, (b) any positive result on an NCAA administered drug test and for which the NCAA has its own consequences in addition to NC State’s, or (c) the occurrence of an event that is considered the equivalent of a positive test under section 4.1 of this regulation.  All violations are cumulative during the student-athlete’s time at the university for disciplinary purposes.

4.3.1  Notification of a Positive Test, Counseling, Treatment, and Additional Testing

4.3.1.1  The Director of Sports Medicine will notify  the head coach of the sport in which the student-athlete participates, as well as the Director of Athletics and the respective sport supervisor, when a positive test result occurs.

4.3.1.2 The student-athlete may be notified verbally by either the head coach of the sport, the respective sport supervisor, or the Director of Sports Medicine.  In the presence of the Sport Supervisor, the student-athlete's parents or guardians will then be advised of the positive test result and corrective measures for the student-athlete.  

4.3.1.3  The student-athlete will be required to meet with the Director of Sports Medicine within twenty-four (24) hours of receiving notification of the test results.  Exemptions to this time requirement may be granted by the Director of Sports Medicine for good cause shown. During this meeting, the Director of Sports Medicine will provide the student-athlete with written notification of the positive test and the corrective measures to be imposed as a result of the positive test.  Additionally, the student-athlete will be informed of their right to a hearing to challenge the findings. 

4.3.1.4   The student-athlete will undergo an evaluation by a licensed clinical addiction specialist designated by the team physician and/or the Director of Sports Medicine and be required to attend counseling sessions, education programs and/or rehabilitation activities as specified by the licensed clinical addiction specialist. The student-athlete must meet with the specialist within ten (10) business days of notification.  Exceptions may be granted by the Director of Sports Medicine.  Failure to meet within the specified guideline will result in a mandatory meeting with the head coach of the sport and sport supervisor.  Further non-compliance, including missed appointments with designated medical professionals, may result in additional corrective measures.

4.3.1.5  The student-athlete will be placed on probation for a period of one year.  During this time the student-athlete will be required to undergo additional periodic testing as often as deemed necessary.

4.3.2  Positive tests for a banned substance that is not an anabolic agent

In addition to the specified in section 4.3.1, the following minimum corrective measures will apply following a positive test result for a substance that is not an anabolic agent:

4.3.2.1  For a second positive test:  The student-athlete will be suspended immediately from competition for 20% of the NCAA Championship season pursuant to the provisions of  Section 2.8.  

4.3.2.2  For a third positive test:  The student-athlete will be dismissed from the athletic team permanently and all intercollegiate activities.  The Athletics Department will make a recommendation to the Office of Scholarships and Financial Aid that the student’s athletic aid should not be renewed. 

4.3.3  Positive tests for a banned substance that is an anabolic agent

In addition to the consequences specified in section 4.3.1, the following minimum corrective measures will apply following a positive test result for a substance that is an anabolic agent:

4.3.3.1  For a first positive test:  The student-athlete will be suspended for 50% of the NCAA Championship season pursuant to the provisions of  Section 2.8.  

4.3.3.2  For a second positive test:  The student-athlete will be permanently dismissed from the athletic team and all intercollegiate activities.  The Athletics Department will make a recommendation to the Office of Scholarships and Financial Aid that the student’s athletic aid should not be renewed.

4.4  Failure to Comply with Corrective Measures Imposed

Failure to comply with any of the corrective measures imposed as a result of violation of the Policy and/or Program may result in the imposition of additional corrective measures.

5.  CHALLENGE HEARINGS

Any student-athlete who is charged with violating the Policy has the right to a hearing. 

5.1  Written notice

The student-athlete will be given written notice by the Director of Sports Medicine of the intention to impose one or more corrective measures, the reasons for the proposed action, and the right of the student-athlete to request a hearing. Any corrective measures imposed shall become effective immediately following the meeting with the Director of Sports Medicine, unless the student-athlete provides a written request for a hearing pursuant to section 5.3.

5.2  Exception to the Notice Requirement:

If the proposed corrective measures are based on a preliminary determination of improper drug use that may threaten the health of the athlete other student-athletes or other members of the university community, all athletic participation, training, practice, and competition shall be stopped immediately, pending a medical determination as to whether the athlete is fit and able to resume safe participation in athletic activities.  This medical determination, designed to protect the health of the student-athlete, other student-athletes, or other members of the athletic community shall be made as promptly as possible by designated medical professionals.  Any information supplied by the student-athlete to medical personnel incident to making such a determination shall not be admissible in any university disciplinary process.

5.3  Request for hearing to challenge results

5.3.1 To obtain a hearing the student-athlete must submit a written request to the Director of Athletics within five (5) university business days after receiving the written notice.  The basis of the challenge must be expressed in the written request.  The request for a hearing must be based on one or more of the applicable grounds as provided in section 5.3.3.  The Director of Athletics will determine whether the matter can be reviewed and notify the student-athlete of the impending hearing date.  By requesting a hearing, the student-athlete agrees to forgo the confidentiality of the test results. 

5.3.2 Corrective measures will be imposed until the written request for a hearing is received and a hearing is granted.  Once the hearing is granted, the corrective measures will be temporarily lifted until the appeal has been concluded. 

5.3.3  What Can Be Heard

(a) A challenge based on Cross-Reactivity;

(b) A challenge based upon the Chain of Custody/Drug Testing Procedures; and/or

(c) A challenge based on Fatal Flaws

5.4  The Hearing Panel

The Faculty Athletics Representative (FAR) will appoint a three (3)–member panel to hear the matter.   The panel should be comprised of the FAR, whom will serve as chair, the team physician, the Medical Director of Student Health Services, a psychiatrist from either the university counseling center or Sports Medicine, or any member of the Council on Athletics.  If the FAR is unable or unwilling to serve as chair, the team physician will serve as chair.

5.5  Hearing Procedure

5.5.1.  The hearing shall be convened within ten (10) university business days from the date of the student-athlete’s written request.  Exceptions to the hearing date may be permitted for good cause shown.  The hearing is closed to the public.  

5.5.2  The purpose of the hearing is to provide the parties with the opportunity to present their respective cases to the panel.  The Chair is responsible for determining whether the hearing should be conducted by telephone conference call or in-person.

5.5.3  Formal rules of evidence do not apply at the hearing, and the panel may consider any information presented by the parties that it believes to be relevant and reliable.

5.5.4  Except in the course of the hearing, panel members should not have any communication with the parties, directly or indirectly, concerning the merits of the case or with each other until the actual hearing.

5.5.5  The student-athlete may be accompanied by an adviser, who must be a student, staff, faculty member, or parent/legal guardian who is not an attorney.  Full responsibility for understanding these procedures and presenting the case remain with the student-athlete, even when an advisor provides assistance.  In addition to an adviser, the student-athlete may bring an observer to the hearing.  An observer may be a parent, friend, or other person of the student-athlete’s choice.  Observers and advisors may confer with the student-athlete during the hearing, so long as the observer and advisor do not address the Chair or Panel members.  However, observers and advisors may not provide representation at the hearing, otherwise actively participate in the hearing, or disrupt or delay it.

5.5.6  Panel members and all other persons involved in the proceeding are expected to maintain confidentiality regarding the proceeding.  State and federal laws govern the privacy rights of students and employees.  Questions about the disclosure of information should be directed to the Office of General Counsel.

5.5.7  Each party may make an opening and closing statement.  After the opening statement, the Director of Athletics, Sport Supervisor, Coach, Director of Sports Medicine, or team physician (if not on the panel) shall present evidence in support of the alleged violation of this policy.  At the close of this presentation, the student-athlete may present any statements and any other relevant information to refute this evidence.  Panel members may ask questions or request additional information at any time during the hearing.  Closing statements, if desired by either party, will conclude the hearing process.

5.5.8  The panel shall deliberate and reach a decision on the challenge in a closed session.  The decision must be based solely on the information presented at the hearing.  The panel shall review the arguments and documentation submitted and determine whether the Director of Athletics, Sport Supervisor, Coach, Director of Sports Medicine or team physician have shown that more likely than not, the student-athlete is responsible for violating the Policy.

5.5.9  Within three (3) university business days after the conclusion of the hearing, the panel shall report its conclusions concerning the facts and recommendations for any corrective measures to the Vice Chancellor and Dean for Academic and Student Affairs. The Vice Chancellor and Dean for Academic and Student Affairs shall review the panel’s conclusions and recommendations and issue a written decision including the corrective measures, if any, to be imposed consistent with the provisions of this Program.   If the Vice Chancellor and Dean for Academic and Student Affairs finds there was insufficient evidence, then the drug test giving rise to the violation will not be considered a positive test for purposes of this Program. 

5.6  Imposition of any corrective measures may not occur until the appeal has been concluded.  The decision of the Vice Chancellor and Dean for Academic and Student Affairs shall be final, and no further appeal of the decision is permitted.  

5.7  Temporary suspension from competition pending a final decision.

During the hearing period and before the panel issues a decision, the student-athlete will be permitted to participate in all intercollegiate competition unless the Director of Athletics imposes a temporary suspension from competition.  Temporary suspension may be imposed after the Director of Athletics (1) meets with the student-athlete, (2) explains what the alleged violation is and what evidence exists, (3) allows the student-athlete to explain, deny, or rebut, and (4) the Director of Athletics determines the evidence is strong enough to warrant a hearing and a suspension until a decision on the hearing. The temporary suspension may remain in place, in the Director of Athletics’ discretion, until there is a final decision based on the hearing.

6.  SELF REPORTING A DRUG PROBLEM

6.1 Corrective Measures

A student-athlete who self-reports a drug problem will follow the remedial guidelines as set forth below:

6.1.1 The Director of Sports Medicine and/or authorized physician will meet with the student-athlete and arrange counseling and evaluation sessions.

6.1.2 The student-athlete will be encouraged to notify his/her parents or guardian.

6.1.3 The student-athlete will be tested as often as deemed necessary.

6.1.4 The student-athlete must attend counseling and evaluation sessions.

6.1.5 The student-athlete will be allowed to practice and compete once the supervising physician determines that the student-athlete is not at any additional risk. 

6.1.6 The student-athlete will be granted a minimum thirty (30) day “grace period”.  The student-athlete will not be considered positive for subsequent tests conducted by NC State during this grace period unless a new banned substance is discovered.  NCAA testing does not acknowledge NC State’s Self-Reporting process.  If the student-athlete tests positive with the NCAA during this period, the student-athlete will be subject to the sanctions imposed by the NCAA.

6.1.7 After the grace period, further corrective measures will follow based on whether a subsequent positive test is the student-athlete’s first, second, or third offense.

6.2 Self-reporting will be accepted at any time up until midnight prior to the given day of testing.  Self-reporting will not be accepted on test day.  A student-athlete who self-reports a violation during the impending drug test will be subject to corrective measures, based on whether the positive test is a first, second, or third offense.

6.3 The corrective measures for self-reporting may only be utilized once during a student-athlete’s tenure at NC State.  All subsequent self-reports will follow the corrective measures outlined in section 4.3, based upon whether the violation is the athlete’s first, second, or third offense.

6.4  In the event that a student-athlete does not test positive for a period of one year from the date of his/her self-report (“clean period”), the student-athlete’s record of the self-report and violation of the Policy will be disregarded, and the athlete will be re-enrolled in the general randomized testing procedures.  However, the student-athlete may be subject to increased frequency of testing.  A positive test result following the clean period will follow the corrective measures outlined in section 4.3 for drug offenses.

7.  REINSTATEMENT 

7.1  A student-athlete who has been dismissed from intercollegiate athletic activity for violating the Policy may petition for reinstatement on the team within six (6) months of meeting all conditions specified in the written notification of dismissal.  The student-athlete must petition the Director of Athletics, the Director of Sports Medicine and the head coach of the respective sport in writing explaining the student-athlete’s disposition and the justification for reinstatement.    

7.2  Reinstatement may be granted by the Director of Athletics upon formal written request from the student-athlete’s head coach and verification of compliance from the Director of Sports Medicine.

7.3 Reinstatement will not be granted for any student-athlete who has been dismissed based upon a second positive drug test for a substance that is identified as an anabolic agent on the NCAA list of banned drugs.

Corrective Measures for Non-Anabolic Drug Offenses

First Offense*

1. The student-athlete will be placed on probation for a period of one year.  During this time the student-athlete will be tested as often as deemed necessary.

2. The student-athlete must attend counseling and evaluation sessions.

3. In the presence of the Sport Supervisor, the student-athlete will contact and notify his/her parents/legal guardian of a failed drug test.

Second Offense*

1. The guidelines for first offense will be followed

2. The student-athlete will be suspended for 20% of the NCAA Championship season which will carry over to the following season, if necessary.

3. The student-athlete’s parents/legal guardian will be notified by registered mail.

Third Offense*

1. The student-athlete will be dismissed immediately from the athletic team. 

2. The Athletics Department will make a recommendation to the Office of Scholarships and Financial Aid that the student’s athletics aid not be renewed.

Corrective Measures for Anabolic Drug Offenses

First Offense*

1.  The student-athlete will be placed on probation for a period of one year.  During this time the student-athlete will be tested as often as deemed necessary.

2.  The student-athlete must attend counseling and evaluation sessions.

3.  The student-athlete will be suspended for 50% of the NCAA Championship season which will carry over to the following season, if necessary.  

4.  In the presence of the Sport Supervisor, the student-athlete will contact and notify his/her parents/legal guardian of a failed drug test.

Second Offense*

1. The student-athlete will be dismissed immediately from the athletic team.

2.  The Athletics Department will make a recommendation to the Office of Scholarships and Financial Aid that the student’s athletics aid not be renewed.

*Note that offenses are cumulative during the student-athlete’s time at the university.

Corrective Measures for Self Reporting

1. The student-athlete will be tested as often as deemed necessary.

2. The student-athlete must attend counseling and evaluation sessions.

3.  The student-athlete will be allowed to practice and compete once the supervising physician determines that the student-athlete is not at any additional risk. 

4. The student-athlete will be granted a minimum thirty (30) day “grace period”.  The student-athlete will not be considered positive for subsequent tests conducted by NC State during this grace period unless a new banned substance is discovered.  NCAA testing will be enforced.

5. The student-athlete will be encouraged to contact and notify his/her parents/legal guardian of the self-report.

APPENDIX A:  DRUG TESTING PROTOCOL

1.  Notification of an Impending Test

The athlete will be notified by the athletic training staff or coaching staff of the impending drug test.  Notification will occur in person or with direct contact over the phone.  Verifiable text messaging may be used but should be considered a secondary means of notification.  Voicemail, and email are not valid means of notification.  If the staff is unable to contact the individual selected for testing or the student-athlete is unavailable for testing due to unforeseen circumstances (ie. out of town), the student-athlete will be excused from testing but may be added to subsequent testing.

2.  Drug Test Site

The testing site will be a designated locker room/restroom area which will be deemed appropriate by the Director of Sports Medicine.  The student-athlete will report at the time of the test for check-in.  Proper identification (i.e. driver’s license or student ID) may be needed during check-in.  Check-in may be performed by either an athletic trainer or the sport coach.  The student-athlete will then be identified and turned over to the custody of the drug testing crew.

3.      Collection of Specimens for Testing

Collection of urine specimens for testing will be performed by a certified collector and/or the athletic training staff.  The student-athlete will provide a urine sample under the direct observation of the collection crew (of the same sex as the student-athlete).  After a specimen is produced, the collector or athletic training staff member will test the sample for its specific gravity using a refractometer.  A sample will be considered valid when a specimen has a specific gravity value that meets the standard recognized by the NCAA Drug Testing Program Manual.  If the specific gravity standard is not achieved a new specimen must be supplied.  Volume will also be quantified to meet the standards for the type of testing specified.  pH might be used when tampering is suspected.  The student-athlete must remain in the testing area until a valid sample is produced.  Student-athletes may be temporarily released from the testing area by the Director of Sports Medicine for academic reasons or special circumstances.  Samples will be sealed by the collector with the student-athlete present to ensure security.  The specimens will be appropriately packaged and shipped to an independent laboratory for analysis.

4.  Drug Testing

Drug testing is performed by AEGIS Analytical Laboratories, Inc., Nashville, TN using a profiling system.  Any, all or a combination of these profiles may be administered on a single urine specimen.  Each profile provides for detection of masking agents as well as the drugs listed below:

A.        The Recreational Drugs profile detects the following drugs: 

1.     Amphetamine/Methamphetamine: Adderall, Ecstasy, and similar substances.

2.     Barbiturates and similar substances

3.     Benzodiazepines: Valium, Xanax and similar substances

4.     Cannabinoids, Marijuana, THC, and similar substances

5.     Cocaine, Crack and similar substances

6.     Opiates: Hydrocodone, Oxycodone, Codeine, Heroin and similar substances

7.     Methadone and similar substances

8.     Phencyclidine (PCP)

9.     Carisoprodol/Meprobamate

10.   Ephedrine and similar substances

11.   Methylphenidate: Ritalin, Concerta and similar substances

B. The Anabolic Steroid profile tests for banned performance enhancing compounds (anabolic-androgenic steroids and related substances) in a manner consistent with the requirements of the International Olympic Committee and the National Collegiate Athletic Association.

C. Specific Compounds can be isolated and tested. 

1.     Synthetics:  K2, Spice, etc

2.     Ephedra/Ephedrine

3.     Alcohol   

4.     Any single NCAA banned substance

5. Classification of a Positive Drug Test

Samples may be evaluated using an immunoassay as an initial screening for banned substances.  Any sample that shows the presence of a prohibited substance is confirmed using state-of-the-art technology which may include gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GCMS) or other applicable technology to rule out any possibility of false positive test results. Samples that are confirmed equal to or above the threshold established for that substance by the NCAA or NC State will be considered positive.  Any specimen showing traces of masking agents will be considered positive.

6.  Test Results 

The independent laboratory will notify the Director of Sports Medicine of the test results.

7.  Notification 

The Director of Athletics, Sport Supervisor, and Head Coach will receive notice of the positive test result from the Director of Sports Medicine. Every attempt will be made to notify the student-athlete within forty-eight (48) hours of receipt of a positive test result.  The student-athlete will have the opportunity to meet with the Director of Sports Medicine and a team physician/clinical addiction specialist privately to discuss any concerns regarding the positive test and possible recourses.  A pathologist or drug toxicologist will be utilized as a technical resource as needed to clarify any questions pertinent to the test.  The student-athlete will be advised of the possible corrective measures, based upon whether the positive drug test is a first, second, or third offense.  Drug counseling and evaluation sessions will be arranged.

8. Subsequent Testing Following an Initial Positive Result

The student-athlete will be tested following a counseling session.  The values obtained will be considered a baseline for this offense.  The student-athlete will not be considered positive for subsequent tests unless the quantity of the banned substance increases from the baseline test results and is above the threshold established for that substance or a new banned substance is discovered.  Quantities will be normalized using a specific gravity of 1.020 to determine a measurable standard.  Normalizing the samples allows for quantifiable comparison of the values obtained in each sample.  If the sample is determined to be positive, further corrective measures should follow the guidelines for second or third offenses respectively.

9.  Compliance

Compliance with the Drug Education, Screening, Counseling and Deterrence Policy and related Program, including the imposed corrective measures will be monitored by the Director of Sports Medicine.  Failure to comply with any of the corrective measures imposed as a result of violation of the policy and/or program may result in the imposition of additional measures including, but not limited to, suspension from intercollegiate athletic activities, dismissal from the athletic team, and/or non-renewal and/or cancellation of athletics aid.    

APPENDIX B:  DRUG TESTING THRESHOLD

The table below demonstrates NC State’s Positive Threshold for specific drug classes as of 8/1/12.

A.        The Recreational Drugs Profile: 

1.     Amphetamine/Methamphetamine        500ng/ml
        MDMA/MDEA/MDA/PMA                      100ng/ml

2.     Barbiturates                                      100ng/ml

3.     Benzodiazepines                                100ng/ml

4.     Cannabinoids                                    15ng/ml, 5ng/ml Aug 2013

5.     Cocaine                                            150ng/ml

6.     Opiates                                             100ng/ml

7.     Methadone                                        200ng.ml

8.     Phencyclidine (PCP)                            10ng/ml

9.     Carisoprodol/Meprobamate                  200ng/ml

10.   Ephedrine                                           10000ng/ml

11.   Methylphenidate                                  100ng/ml

 

 

 

B.         Steroids are tested at known detectable levels using GCMS or High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis.  Testosterone or any other substance which has the effect of manipulating testosterone levels will be considered positive based on a ratio of testosterone to epitestosterone in urine which is greater than 6:1.  Additional testing for Estrogen blockers and Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry or other emerging technology may be used to confirm positive testosterone results.

 

 

 

C.        Specific Compounds are tested at known detectable levels.  Any single banned substance can be tested using GCMS or appropriate technology.